What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (2024)

Since its launch in 2016, WireGuard has quickly gained momentum as the best VPN protocol for robust online protection against hackers, identity theft, and tracking. But is WireGuard as safe as it’s claimed to be?

To determine whether it’s a good alternative to OpenVPN, I took 30+ high-performing VPNs that support WireGuard for a test. I evaluated how it performed regarding security, speed, and server features.

CyberGhost is my top choice for VPNs that support WireGuard. It's easy to use, and WireGuard is available on all major operating systems. Using its trustworthy money-back guarantee, you can also try it free for 45 days.

Try CyberGhost's WireGuard Protocol >>

Quick Guide: How to Use WireGuard With a VPN in 3 Easy Steps

  1. Download a VPN with WireGuard. I recommend CyberGhost because you can use it within minutes, and it keeps your online identity and activity private with robust security features. It also has a 45-day money-back guarantee.
  2. Select WireGuard. Go to settings and chose WireGuard as your preferred VPN protocol from a drop-down list.
  3. Start browsing. Click the large power button to connect to a server near you and securely use the internet without compromising your speed.

What Is WireGuard?

WireGuard is a fairly new (open-source) VPN tunneling protocol designed to be lightweight for faster speeds without sacrificing security. It was originally introduced in 2016 as a kernel virtual network interface for Linux, but now it’s compatible with Windows, macOS, Android, and iOS. A lean codebase of around 4,000 lines, compared to tens of thousands in other VPN protocols, boosts security by facilitating easier audits and vulnerability detection.

One of its distinguishing features is its use of public key cryptography to establish secure connections. Each WireGuard peer has a public-private key pair, where the public keys serve as the identifiers for establishing connections. This approach enhances security by eliminating the need for traditional, complex IPsec-style configurations.

WireGuard provides fast transport speeds, employing ChaCha20Poly1305 encryption for packet encapsulation in UDP. It introduces an improved IP-binding cookie mechanism to bolster security against DDoS attacks, surpassing IKEv2 and DTLS's cookie methods by adding encryption and authentication.

How Does WireGuard Work?

It works by assigning static IP addresses to tunnel endpoints, simplifying its routing and management compared to dynamic setups found in other VPN protocols.

Each device in a WireGuard network has its own set of public and private keys. When connecting, the client and server exchange their public keys and verify their identities through mutual authentication. This process means that only authorized users can access the VPN network.

WireGuard's use of UDP for transport allows it to maintain persistent connections, even when a client's IP address changes, making it highly reliable for mobile users. The protocol's efficiency and minimal overhead contribute to its superior performance, especially in environments where bandwidth or processor speed is limited.

Additionally, WireGuard operates in the Linux kernel, which allows it to process data efficiently, translating into faster speeds and lower latency for the end-user. The combination of cutting-edge cryptography and a lean design makes WireGuard an excellent choice for security-conscious users seeking a balance between security and performance.

Is WireGuard Secure?

Yes. WireGuard is designed with a strong focus on security, leveraging state-of-the-art cryptography to provide high-end protection for data in transit. Its choice of modern cryptographic primitives provides a robust foundation against various attacks. These secure and efficient algorithms enable WireGuard to offer fast performance without compromising security.

The protocol's simplicity and significantly smaller codebase further enhance its security posture. A smaller codebase means fewer potential vulnerabilities and makes the code easier to audit, leading to quicker identification and resolution of any security issues.

WireGuard's approach to managing connections, where peers identify each other by their public key, also enhances security. It eliminates the need for traditional dynamic IP address management, reducing the protocol's attack surface.

WireGuard vs OpenVPN

WireGuard has proven itself to be a worthy adversary to the well-established OpenVPN. It’s designed to offer a simpler, faster, and more secure experience compared to OpenVPN, which has been the standard for secure VPN connections for many years.

OpenVPN is known for its flexibility and compatibility across a wide range of devices and network configurations, but it can be complex to set up. Additionally, it doesn’t always provide the same level of performance as WireGuard, especially on lower-powered devices or in situations requiring rapid handshakes or reconnections.

WireGuard’s advantages over OpenVPN

  • Quicker connections. It takes longer for OpenVPN to negotiate handshake and encryption standards when connecting to a server. With WireGuard, the server instantly recognizes the encryption and conjoining standards the tunnel is using. This makes it fast and resilient to changing network conditions, which is beneficial for mobile users.
  • Easy to use. Unlike OpenVPN, WireGuard is a versioned protocol. This means that upgrades are released periodically, with a single encryption related to each version. OpenVPN can only change its existing cryptographic algorithms when it is requested by the administrator.
  • Stronger encryption. OpenVPN uses certificates for identification and encryption, while WireGuard incorporates public key encryption, which is much safer. Overall, WireGuard’s encryption is far simpler and much less susceptible to downgrade attacks.
  • Faster speeds. WireGuard is typically faster than OpenVPN because it uses efficient, modern cryptography, kernel-level operation for reduced overhead, and a simplified protocol structure that enhances performance.
  • Less code. WireGuard runs using just 4,000 lines of code, compared to OpenVPN’s 70,000 lines. There is less likelihood of bugs impacting WireGuard’s performance. Even if it does get a bug, it is way easier to find and resolve with 94% less code to trawl through.
  • CPU-friendly. With WireGuard, you’ll enjoy longer battery life, especially on mobile devices. Due to its efficiency, WireGuard consumes less battery power than OpenVPN.

Potential Risks of Using WireGuard

Despite its advantages, WireGuard has some downsides that you need to be aware of, including:

  • Privacy trade-offs. By default, WireGuard stores user IP addresses on the VPN server, posing a risk to user anonymity and privacy. This design choice is not ideal for users who prioritize privacy over speed and security​. However, many VPN services have custom features that enable them to use WireGuard while keeping users' IP addresses private.
  • Lack of obfuscation. WireGuard does not inherently support obfuscation to disguise VPN traffic as regular traffic, meaning you might not be able to bypass network restrictions like those of schools and work.
  • A fixed set of cryptographic algorithms. WireGuard's design philosophy uses a fixed set of cryptographic algorithms, which could be a limitation if vulnerabilities are discovered in the employed algorithms.

Best VPNs That Support WireGuard — Full Analysis (Updated in 2024)

1. CyberGhost — Easy-to-Use WireGuard Supporting Apps

What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (1) What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (2)

Editor’s Choice Editor’s Choice What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (3) Try Risk-Free for 30 Days
Tested April 2024

Available on:

Windows Mac Android iOS

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Try CyberGhost VPN >


Best FeatureThe WireGuard protocol is available for all CyberGhost apps, including Android and iOS
Server Network11,690 servers in 100 countries, with ones optimized for streaming
SpeedsJust a 4% speed loss testing servers nearby, excellent for uninterrupted torrenting and gaming
Works WithLinux, Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, routers, Chrome, Firefox, and more

CyberGhost's intuitive design gives you easy access to WireGuard, with native support in all its mobile and desktop versions. During testing, it took me about 2 minutes to install CyberGhost on my Windows PC. Use the search bar to find a server in a specific location and click to connect. Plus, you can use it on up to 7 devices at a time, which is more than the average VPN provider offers.

What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (4)Adjust MTU size in the same CyberGhost window to resolve connection issues

Your personal information is kept private with CyberGhost’s independently audited no-logs policy. All its servers run on RAM-only, so even if data were collected, there would be none to handover since it gets wiped with each reboot. On top of that, CyberGhost is based in Romania, outside the data-sharing alliance of the 5/9/14 Eyes. Additionally, it uses AES 256-bit encryption, a kill switch, and DNS/IP leak protection.

This VPN already boasts some incredible speeds, but with WireGuard turned on, it's even faster. My base speed before I started my tests was 124.87Mbps. Next, I connected to Cyberghost's server in my country using the OpenVPN protocol. This slowed me down by 24% (95.43Mbps). When I changed to WireGuard, there was a barely noticeable 4% speed drop. You can keep yourself protected while torrenting, streaming, and gaming without lag.

On the downside, monthly subscriptions are costly, but a long-term CyberGhost plan costs only $2.03/month and has an extended 45-day money-back guarantee. If you're unsatisfied, getting a refund is straightforward — cancel and request your money back via 24/7 live chat. I got my refund paid to my PayPal within 3 days.

Useful Features

  • Content Blocker. This feature enhances online privacy and security by blocking ads, trackers, and malware. ​
  • Automatic WiFi Protection. CyberGhost automatically launches as soon as it detects a new WiFi network. So, you're always protected, even if you forget to switch the VPN on.
  • NoSpy servers. For a small extra fee, you can get access to maximum security servers operated exclusively by the CyberGhost’s team. Due to advanced privacy and faster speeds, they are ideal for safe torrenting.

April 2024 Deal: CyberGhost is currently offering 83% off its most popular plan! Take advantage of this offer now and save more on your CyberGhost subscription.

2. Private Internet Access (PIA) — Unlimited Connections to Protect All Your Devices With WireGuard

What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (5) What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (6)

What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (7)

Available on:

Windows Mac Android iOS

Chrome Router Smart TV More

Try Private Internet Access >


Best FeatureConveniently connect all your household devices and only pay $2.03/month
Server Network29,650 servers in 91 countries to avoid delays due to overcrowding
SpeedsMy average download speed on local servers reduced by only 9%
Works WithLinux, Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, routers, Chrome, Firefox, and more

With PIA, you can secure as many devices as you want under one subscription. This means you can use WireGuard on all your devices at the same time. I tested PIA by connecting 3 laptops, 5 smartphones, and my smart TV simultaneously. I got a stable WireGuard connection on each device, and my performance never wavered. To switch to WireGuard, simply go to Settings and choose Protocols.

The VPN enhances online security by routing DNS requests through its secure servers instead of public-facing DNS servers. Your online activities and visited websites remain concealed from ISPs and potential eavesdroppers. I also liked its MACE feature, which automatically prevents annoying ads and trackers. When I visited ad-heavy news pages, I enjoyed browsing without one banner or pop-up.

What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (8)Use the Handshake DNS option to avoid DNS-based censorship and attacks

Unfortunately, you can't choose your level of encryption (256-bit or 128-bit) with WireGuard; you need to use OpenVPN. However, WireGuard is optimized for fast speeds and robust security by default, so you can browse safely without tweaking settings. Plus, it allows you to adjust the connection timeout and MTU packet size when you have network issues.

Prices are competitive, with plans starting at just $2.03/month. You can try PIA risk-free for up to 30 days, thanks to its money-back guarantee. Canceling and getting a refund was quick and easy using 24/7 live chat. Although I had to explain why I didn’t need the VPN anymore, the agent wasn’t pushy and approved my request within minutes. I had my money back that same week.

Useful Features

  • Advanced kill switch. Unlike standard kill switches, PIA’s advanced kill switch works even with the VPN turned off. This means there’s no chance of exposing your real IP or data.
  • Robust security. Like CyberGhost, it protects your data with leak protection and high-level encryption. It also follows a court-proven no-logs policy, so your data won't be collected or shared with anyone.
  • Split tunneling. Choose which apps go through the VPN tunnel and which use your regular internet connection. This can be useful if you want to torrent securely via the VPN while using your local banking apps with your actual IP.

April 2024 Update: PIA doesn't usually have deals or discounts (it's already so affordable), but right now you can get a new subscription for a crazy 82% off!

3. NordVPN — Threat Protection for Additional Security While Using WireGuard

What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (9) What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (10)

What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (11)

Available on:

Windows Mac Android iOS

Chrome Router Smart TV More

Try NordVPN >


Best FeatureEven better for mobile by blocking ads that drain your battery
Server Network6,305 servers in 111 countries to easily find a fast server near you
SpeedsA 7% average speed loss means you can stream without buffering
Works WithLinux, Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, routers, Chrome, Firefox, and more

NordVPN’s Threat Protection protects against ads, online trackers, and malicious downloads. You can also increase site loading time by stopping ads from running in the background. Its WireGuard-based NordLynx protocol gave me excellent speed overall. My average download speed dropped from 125.95Mbps to 117.42Mbps testing servers near me in the UK. NordLynx can be activated in the Settings tab.

What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (12)NordVPN's Threat Protection Lite is available for Android, iOS, and Linux

One minor con is that NordVPN might share your data with foreign governments when requested. However, none of your personal information gets recorded, thanks to NordVPN's strict no-logs policy. So, there won't be anything identifying you to hand over anyway.

There are 3 subscription tiers, with the most affordable at $3.09/month. You can also simultaneously use it on up to 6 devices. Like ExpressVPN, there's no risk in trying NordVPN, as it's backed by a 30-day money-back guarantee.

Useful Features

  • Onion Over VPN. This feature routes your internet traffic through the Tor network before passing through the VPN server. This two-tiered approach further conceals your true IP, making your connection more private.
  • User-friendly apps. The user interface is similar across all platforms, so you'll easily get the hang of it. Using its interactive map, just drop on the location you'd like to connect to a server.

FAQs on WireGuard VPNs

Is my privacy at risk with WireGuard?

There are privacy concerns associated with WireGuard due to its default behavior of storing user IPs on the VPN server for the connection duration. This can potentially undermine your anonymity while using WireGuard. The best way to protect your online privacy on WireGuard is to use a VPN that follows a no-logs policy.

Is WireGuard better than OpenVPN?

WireGuard is arguably better than OpenVPN. This is due to its exceptional speed at transferring data packets and streamlined code, which enhances its performance in bug prevention and auditing areas. However, OpenVPN allocates every user a new IP address every time it is used, which is something that WireGuard can’t do.

Can I use WireGuard for free?

Yes, you can use WireGuard for free since it’s an open-source network protocol available without any cost. However, setting up WireGuard on your device can be a bit technical. To ensure proper setup for optimal security, you’re better off using a WireGuard VPN service with a trustworthy money-back guarantee.

Is WireGuard safe for torrenting?

WireGuard is considered safe for torrenting due to its strong encryption and efficient code. Additionally, the simplicity and efficiency of WireGuard contribute to its speed, which is a significant advantage for P2P traffic. You can securely torrent using WireGuard without creating delays.

Can I use WireGuard with Windows and macOS?

Yes, you can use WireGuard with both Windows and macOS. For Windows, you can download the installer directly from the WireGuard website​​. For macOS, you can install WireGuard easily via the App Store. However, the easiest way to use WireGuard is to get a VPN that supports the protocol.

If you opt to set up WireGuard manually, you can visit the official WireGuard website for detailed instructions on using WireGuard with these operating systems.

Can WireGuard be hacked?

WireGuard is considered highly secure due to its military-grade encryption and small code base, which make it difficult for successful attacks to occur. It employs modern cryptographic techniques for hashing, improving security and confidentiality.

To protect yourself against hackers, use a VPN and keep it and all other software updated. Use strong passwords, and be cautious about the websites visited and what you download​.

Get a VPN that Supports WireGuard in Minutes

Despite being a relatively new VPN protocol, WireGuard has proven to be a worthy alternative to established protocols like OpenVPN. Although there are some concerns about possible privacy issues, WireGuard has demonstrated that it’s fast, secure, and reliable, especially when used alongside top-quality VPNs.

Out of the WireGuard VPNs I shortlisted, I recommend CyberGhost because its apps are easy to use, won't collect or share your data, and provide excellent speed. You can also try CyberGhost free for 45 days using its money-back guarantee.

To summarize, these are the best VPNs with WireGuard...



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Privacy Alert!

Your data is exposed to the websites you visit!

Your IP Address:

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The information above can be used to track you, target you for ads, and monitor what you do online.

VPNs can help you hide this information from websites so that you are protected at all times. We recommend ExpressVPN — the #1 VPN out of over 350 providers we've tested. It has military-grade encryption and privacy features that will ensure your digital security, plus — it's currently offering49% off.

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What Is WireGuard VPN Protocol, and Is It Secure in 2024? (2024)


How secure is WireGuard VPN? ›

Is the WireGuard VPN protocol secure? WireGuard is a very secure protocol. While it uses shorter cryptographic keys than some previous protocols, it still provides strong encryption. A longer key takes more time to crack, but it would still take millions of years to brute force WireGuard's encryption keys.

What is the VPN protocol WireGuard? ›

WireGuard is an open-source communication protocol for setting up secure Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). Using advanced cryptographic primitives to secure exchanged data, it seals it within an encrypted tunnel.

What is the most secure VPN protocol? ›

In other words, OpenVPN is the most secure protocol. WireGuard uses state-of-the-art cryptography. It doesn't support AES encryption, but it substitutes it with ChaCha20. It's less complex, but still very secure.

Why not to use WireGuard? ›

It is extensible that new cryptographic primitives can be added. WireGuard does not have that. That means WireGuard will break at some point, because one of the cryptographic primitives will weaken or entirely break at some point.

How secure is WireGuard protocol? ›

WireGuard is considered safe for torrenting due to its strong encryption and efficient code. Additionally, the simplicity and efficiency of WireGuard contribute to its speed, which is a significant advantage for P2P traffic. You can securely torrent using WireGuard without creating delays.

Can WireGuard be tracked? ›

As discussed on the WireGuard mailing list, the WireGuard protocol doesn't offer identity-hiding forward secrecy. If an attacker records all traffic to/from a server, then breaks into the server and extracts the WireGuard private key from it, they will be able to correlate traffic with specific users.

Is WireGuard a free VPN? ›

WireGuard is originally open source and can be used for free, absolutely.

Does WireGuard hide IP address? ›

When you connect to our VPN server via WireGuard, your device can only see the IP address 10.2. 0.2, and the website you visit can only see the public IP address of our VPN server. Your true IP address remains secure and private, just as it would with OpenVPN.

How much does WireGuard cost? ›

Cost and Licensing

Since WireGuard and OpenVPN are free software, there is no expense associated with using them. Though there are some free solutions, you'll still need to pay for a VPN subscription. Since WireGuard and OpenVPN are free software, there is no expense associated with using them.

Is there anything more secure than a VPN? ›

Is Tor safer than a VPN? In some ways, Tor is considered safer than a VPN. Tor is great for anonymity and has a reputation for protecting people's identity online, and much of that stems from its use to access the dark web, which a VPN cannot provide. However, Tor is more difficult to use than a VPN.

Which is the safest and most private VPN? ›

Best no-log VPNs for privacy
  • NordVPN – best no logs VPN for privacy in 2024.
  • Surfshark – no logs VPN with impressive speeds and free trial.
  • Norton VPN – secure no-logs VPN service with a free trial.
  • ExpressVPN – a VPN for fast torrenting with a free trial.
  • CyberGhost – audited no-logs VPN for privacy protection.
Mar 26, 2024

Which VPN protocol is undetectable? ›

My top choice for bypassing network blocks is ExpressVPN.

It offers obfuscation on every one of its servers to make your VPN use undetectable. It also protects your privacy and hides your personal data with its top-notch security features.

Is anything better than WireGuard? ›

OpenVPN is supported by more routers than WireGuard, and it also can operate with TCP, which offers more stable connections than UDP, and is generally better for remote connections as well.

Which is safer WireGuard or OpenVPN? ›

The biggest notable differences between WireGuard and OpenVPN are speed and security. While WireGuard is generally faster, OpenVPN provides heavier security. The differences between these two protocols are also what make up their defining features.

Who uses WireGuard? ›

Here are the best VPNs with WireGuard:
  • NordVPN. Apr 2024 works with wireguardTested Apr 2024. ...
  • Surfshark. works with wireguardTested Apr 2024. ...
  • CyberGhost. works with wireguardTested Apr 2024. ...
  • IPVanish. works with wireguardTested Apr 2024. ...
  • Private VPN. ...
  • Private Internet Access. ...
  • StrongVPN. ...
  • Perimeter 81.
Mar 28, 2024

Is WireGuard more secure than OpenVPN? ›

While WireGuard is generally faster, OpenVPN provides heavier security. The differences between these two protocols are also what make up their defining features. We've taken a closer look at each so you can really understand how they work for you.

Is WireGuard less secure than OpenVPN? ›

WireGuard uses newer cryptography and achieves good throughput speed and faster connection times. In contrast, OpenVPN provides better privacy because, unlike WireGuard, it does not store the user's IP address. Both protocols are very secure.

How secure is WireGuard compared to OpenVPN? ›

SUMMARY: OpenVPN offers greater freedom when it comes to encryption and security, but WireGuard is easier to audit and has a smaller attack surface. Both protocols are very secure, but less tech-savvy users may prefer to trust the experts at WireGuard, rather than take matters into their own hands.

Is WireGuard more secure than SSH? ›

WireGuard is cryptographically superior to SSH, attaches at a network layer without fussy interactions with a Unix shell (that then also needs to be accounted for in a security model), has higher performance, is practically bulletproof in terms of keeping connections alive, and gets you direct access to whatever ...

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